Effects of video instruction on the performance of female university students in beginning badminton
Chia-Chang Chang, University of South Dakota, United States
University of South Dakota . Awarded
Physical education teachers play a critical role in the constant search for effective instruction that provides the best opportunities for students to approach course objectives. The review of related literature and research reveals that physical educators must respond to changing educational technology in order to present more effective instructional strategies. These strategies help individual growth and support students in advanced learning.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect video instruction has on Taiwanese female university students' French short serve and French clear badminton skills performance compared to that of female university students in traditional physical education badminton activity classes.
The students for this study consisted of 520 sophomore and junior female students enrolled in 12 beginning badminton classes for the 1999 fall semester at Tamkang University, Taiwan. From this population, four classes were randomly selected, to create a sample of 240 students. The experimental group and the control group each consisted of two classes of 60 sophomore and junior students enrolled in beginning badminton classes. Students participating in this study had no prior experience with badminton training and video instruction. The classes met once a week and 12 instructional hours were provided over a six-week experimental period.
The data were collected using two types of badminton tests, one that measures serves and one that measures returns. The students' badminton short serve performance was measured by the French Short Serve Test. The students' badminton clear performance was measured by the French Clear Test.
The pretest and posttest results from the French Short Serve Test and the French Clear Test were analyzed using one-factor ANCOVAs to determine the effect of treatment. The .05 level of confidence was used in testing the hypotheses.
The results of this study indicated that the use of badminton video instruction was more effective than traditional instruction in developing badminton short serve skills. The use of the badminton video instruction did not enhance badminton clear skills.
Chang, C.C. Effects of video instruction on the performance of female university students in beginning badminton. Ph.D. thesis, University of South Dakota.
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