The perceptions of student registered nurse anesthetists of the anesthesia patient simulator experience
Bernadette M. Henrichs, Saint Louis University, United States
Saint Louis University . Awarded
The purpose of this qualitative, phenomenological study was to describe the perceptions of Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists (SRNAs) using the anesthesia simulator as part of their educational training. A convenience sample of 12 SRNAs in their first year of clinical training was studied after informed consent was obtained. The study took place in the anesthesia department where the simulator sessions were held.
The researcher analyzed data qualitatively from observations made by the primary investigator during four different sessions. A minor incident such as hypotension, hypertension, bradycardia or tachycardia occurred in session three, and a major incident such as cardiac ischemia, anaphylaxis, bronchospasm, or malignant hyperthermia occurred in session four. The study also analyzed data gathered from audiotaped focus group interviews with the students after session two, three, and four, along with journal entries made by the students after each of the four sessions. The study explored the students' behavioral and psychological responses to the sessions and their perceptions of the experiences.
Results of the study indicate that students exhibit behavioral symptoms and experience anxiety during the simulator training. The anxiety level varies between each student and each session. Although anxiety was experienced, all of the students felt the sessions were very educational. The study also found that, although there are some disadvantages, there are many advantages to using the simulator, including improved critical thinking and decision-making skills.
All of the students requested that more simulator training be incorporated into their educational experiences. The students, however, did not agree on how often the simulator should be utilized. Frequency requests included once a month, twice a week, once a week, or once a day.
Results of the study can be used to assist instructors in improving the learning experiences of SRNAs and to help them teach more effectively, especially when it involves the anesthesia simulator.
Henrichs, B.M. The perceptions of student registered nurse anesthetists of the anesthesia patient simulator experience. Ph.D. thesis, Saint Louis University.
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