Institution building and organizational development at Allama Iqbal Open University (Pakistan): A study of the institutional development and the technology transfer of a distance education innovation based on the British Open University model
Barbara Ayisha Mustafa, Indiana University, United States
Indiana University . Awarded
The Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU), legislated in 1974 by the Government of Pakistan, was the earliest transfer and adaptation of The Open University (UKOU)'s innovative distance education model. This study investigated the multiple influences shaping AIOU's institutional form and goals; policy and curricular directions; and hard and soft educational technology adoption, from the pre-planning stages to 1990. It also considered UKOU model transfer outcomes; the British Overseas Development Administration's long term technical assistance program effects; and AIOU's contributions to national development. The methodology chosen was naturalistic inquiry utilizing iterative document analysis and interviews to build an historical-dynamic case. Respondents were chosen through purposive sampling. The theoretical framework guiding the study and supporting analysis was Bhola's CLER model.
The study found that formal and traditional obstacles worked to limit AIOU's freedom to become a vigorous and innovative institution. A profound and basic influence on the development of the university was revealed to be the ideology, values, expectations, and practices of the cultural ecology surrounding AIOU. Analysis of the university's program and organizational structure development uncovered a process of shaping and reshaping from multiple levels of changing and often conflicting objectives. Available human resources, leadership ability, the various components and contributions of technical assistance programs, and time were revealed as critical resources. The cultivation and management of linkage relationships for power and control was found to be lacking. The complexity of model transfer and planned change was evident in the incomplete adoption and integration of several crucial UKOU model components, and the resulting lesser emphasis on material production and student learning at AIOU.
Mustafa, B.A. Institution building and organizational development at Allama Iqbal Open University (Pakistan): A study of the institutional development and the technology transfer of a distance education innovation based on the British Open University model. Ph.D. thesis, Indiana University.
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