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An Overview of Automated Scoring of Essays

Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment Volume 5, Number 1, ISSN 1540-2525


Automated Essay Scoring (AES) is defined as the computer technology that evaluates and scores the written prose (Shermis & Barrera, 2002; Shermis & Burstein, 2003; Shermis, Raymat, & Barrera, 2003). AES systems are mainly used to overcome time, cost, reliability, and generalizability issues in writing assessment (Bereiter, 2003; Burstein, 2003; Chung & O'Neil, 1997; Hamp-Lyons, 2001; Myers, 2003; Page, 2003; Rudner & Gagne, 2001; Rudner & Liang, 2002; Sireci & Rizavi, 1999). AES continues attracting the attention of public schools, universities, testing companies, researchers and educators (Burstein, Kukich, Wolf, Lu, & Chodorow, 1998; Shermis & Burstein, 2003; Sireci & Rizavi, 1999). The main purpose of this article is to provide an overview of current approaches to AES. The article will describe the most widely used AES systems including Project Essay Grader[TM] (PEG), Intelligent Essay Assessor[TM] (IEA), E-rater[R] and Criterion[SM], IntelliMetric[TM] and MY Access![R], and Bayesian Essay Test Scoring System[TM] (BETSY). It will also discuss the main characteristics of these systems and current issues regarding the use of them both in low-stakes assessment (in classrooms) and high-stakes assessment (as standardized tests). (Contains 12 endnotes, 2 tables, and 5 figures.)


Dikli, S. (2006). An Overview of Automated Scoring of Essays. Journal of Technology, Learning, and Assessment, 5(1),. Retrieved September 18, 2019 from .

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