You are here:

First Principles of Motivation to Learn and e[superscript 3]-Learning

Distance Education Volume 29, Number 2, ISSN 0158-7919


Technology-assisted learning systems are being developed at ever increasing rates, and the labels applied to such systems are growing with them. For example, not only do we have e-learning, but we also have hybrid learning, online learning, and mobile learning (m-learning), to mention only a few. Considering that technology is being incorporated in virtually all courses, this article uses the single term "e[superscript 3]-learning," as introduced by Spector and Merrill in this special issue to refer to these systems collectively with the emphasis on effectiveness, efficiency, and engagement. Learning concerns learner motivation. Five first principles of motivation and volition that characterize learning systems that effectively motivate students are introduced in this article.


Keller, J.M. (2008). First Principles of Motivation to Learn and e[superscript 3]-Learning. Distance Education, 29(2), 175-185. Retrieved September 17, 2019 from .

This record was imported from ERIC on April 19, 2013. [Original Record]

ERIC is sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education.

Copyright for this record is held by the content creator. For more details see ERIC's copyright policy.


Cited By

View References & Citations Map

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact