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Preservice Teachers’ Uses of SMILE to Enact Student-Generated Questioning Practices

, New York Institute of Technology, United States ; , Stanford University, United States

E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education, in Kona, Hawaii, United States Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), San Diego, CA


SMILE (Stanford Mobile Inquiry-Based Learning Environment) is a technology developed to support student learning through student-generated questioning. Literature has shown that student-generated questions can positively affect students’ learning motivation and reading comprehension, depending on teachers’ design of learning activities. To explore ways that teachers may use SMILE to support student-generated questioning practices, we piloted it with 26 preservice teachers. They used SMILE to enact student-generated questioning practices that elicit and use higher-order thinking in the learning process. We evaluated questions generated by teachers and reported their implementation experience with K-12 students. Our paper discusses teachers and students’ sense of achievement with student-generated questioning practices, perceived satisfaction, and challenges of using SMILE to enhance student-generated questioning practices in the classroom.


Hsu, H.Y. & Kim, P. (2015). Preservice Teachers’ Uses of SMILE to Enact Student-Generated Questioning Practices. In Proceedings of E-Learn: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education (pp. 348-356). Kona, Hawaii, United States: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 20, 2019 from .


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