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Engaging K-12 Students Essential for Reducing Gender Gap in Computer Science Education

, The Wharton School of Business, United States ; , Columbia University, United States ; , The Charter School of Wilmington, United States

International Journal on E-Learning Volume 18, Number 3, ISSN 1537-2456 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC USA

Abstract

A strong gender disparity exists within the computer science (CS) field, and this imbalance stretches from the professional domain down to the educational level. In a 2013 study (Venkataraman et. al 2013), students (n = 127) of a northeastern STEM high school were surveyed. Responses were collected and analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis statistical test (P < 0.05) to mitigate unequal cell sizes. Results suggest that females face barriers to entering CS including differences in perception, interests, confidence, and experiences. In a follow up study (2014), second grade students of a STEM lower school were surveyed. Results point to similarities in the attitudes of second grade boys and girls; these results contrast the difference in attitudes found among high school boys and girls. Significant differences were found between second grade students and ninth grade students, suggesting that a transition occurs between second and ninth grade where males’ and females’ perception of CS change.

Citation

Venkataraman, R., Agarwal, E. & Brown, D.W. (2019). Engaging K-12 Students Essential for Reducing Gender Gap in Computer Science Education. International Journal on E-Learning, 18(3), 331-343. Waynesville, NC USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved October 16, 2019 from .