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Selected Research and Development Presentations at the National Convention of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT) Sponsored by the Research and Theory Division

February 1998

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Table of Contents

Number of papers: 47

  1. STEPS: An EPSS Tool for Instructional Planning

    Pamela Taylor Northrup & Janet K. Pilcher

    Support for Teachers Enhancing Performance in Schools (STEPS) is a World Wide Web and CD-ROM electronic performance support system (EPSS) designed for preK-12 and preservice educators to assist in ... More

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  2. Interaction and Collaboration via Computer Conferencing

    Karen L. Murphy, Renee Drabier & Mary Lu Epps

    This study examined interaction and communication patterns among students (n=9) and with the instructor in a graduate course offered at a distance using the FirstClass computer conferencing (CC)... More

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  3. Proximal Instruction Strategies and Assessment Tools for Managing Performance-Based Learning

    Mary L. McNabb & Sylvia Smith

    This paper reports on two research studies. The first study investigates teachers monitoring strategies during computer-assisted composition instruction. The findings reveal four principles... More

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  4. Narrative Versus Step-by-Step Instructions for Computer Procedures

    Lonny G. MacLeod & Gary R. Morrison

    This paper describes a study designed to investigate the effectiveness of narrative versus step-by-step instructions for a computer task. The participants in this study were 31 undergraduate... More

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  5. Knowledge, Interest, Recall and Navigation: A Look at Hypertext Processing

    Kimberly A. Lawless, Scott W. Brown & Robert Mills

    This paper describes a study undertaken to examine how four variables (domain knowledge, topic knowledge, individual interest, and situational interest) impact recall of information from a... More

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  6. Learning in Open-Ended Technology Environments: Problems and Issues

    Susan M. Land & Michael J. Hannafin

    This paper critically analyzes problems and issues related to learning with open, technology-based environments. Theoretical assumptions that underlie learning in this type of environment are... More

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  7. Meeting Software Needs of Public and Higher Education: A Collaborative Model

    Cheryl Krawchuk

    This paper discusses the ongoing prototype of the Software Collaboration Model designed to meet the needs of both public and higher education. The model is based on instructional design principles ... More

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  8. What We Know about Research in Instructional Technology: Interviews with Research Leaders

    Marshall G. Jones, Daniel W. Surry, Stephen W. Harmon, Susan Land & John D. Farquhar

    Instructional Research Online (InTRO) was established in 1994 as a repository of research papers, media, and other artifacts related to research in instructional technology. The World Wide Web site... More

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  9. Creating Electronic Learning Environments: Games, Flow, and the User Interface

    Marshall G. Jones

    A difficult task in creating rich, exploratory interactive learning environments is building an environment that is truly engaging. Engagement can be defined as the nexus of intrinsic knowledge and... More

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  10. Effects of Inductive Multimedia Programs Including Graphs on Creation of Linear Function and Variable Conceptualization

    Abbas Johari

    This study examined the effects of an inductive multimedia program, including graphs, on subjects' ability to create linear functions and conceptualize variables from word problems. Subjects were... More

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  11. How Do Local School Districts Formulate Educational Technology Policy?

    Jeffrey L. Hunt & James Lockard

    This study reports on the formulation of educational technology policy in three Illinois K-12 school districts (n=36). Major findings included: (1) educational policy formulation in the districts... More

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  12. Open-Ended Learning Environments: A Theoretical Framework and Model for Design

    Janette R. Hill & Susan M. Land

    This paper presents a framework and model for design of open-ended learning environments (OELEs). First, an overview is presented that addresses key characteristics of OELEs, including: use of... More

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  13. Design Model for Learner-Centered, Computer-Based Simulations

    Chandra L. Hawley & Thomas M. Duffy

    This paper presents a model for designing computer-based simulation environments within a constructivist framework for the K-12 school setting. The following primary criteria for the development of... More

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  14. Improving Mathematics Instruction Using Technology: A Vygotskian Perspective

    Francis A. Harvey & Christina Wotell Charnitski

    Strategies and programs for improving mathematics instruction should be derived from sound educational theory. The sociocultural learning theories of Vygotsky may offer guidance in developing... More

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  15. Using Technologies and Cooperative Work To Improve Oral, Writing, and Thinking Skills: Voices from Experience

    Candido Varela de Freitas & Altina Ramos

    This study was conducted during 2 school years, involving one teacher and one classroom from each of four elementary (grades 1-2) and secondary schools. The study included writing activities on the... More

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  16. START (Student Trainers as Resource Technologists): An Alternative Approach to Technology Integration

    Peggy A. Ertmer, Carole Hruskocy, Tristan Johnson & Feng-Qi Lai

    This study investigates the effectiveness of integration efforts at an elementary school, where for the past 2 years, all students (grades 1-5) have received computer training at least one day per ... More

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  17. Variables Affecting University Academic Achievement in a Distance- versus a Conventional Education Setting

    Afnan N. Darwazeh

    The aim of this study was to investigate some of the learner variables that may have an influence on university academic achievement in a distance versus a conventional education setting.... More

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  18. Prediction of and Differences in Computer Use When Universally Available

    Terry Corwin & Henryk Marcinkiewicz

    This paper reports results of a longitudinal study of faculty (n=85) at three undergraduate institutions in North Dakota that adopted notebook computers for their faculty and students--Valley City ... More

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  19. Cultural Connections: Promoting Self-Esteem, Achievement, and Multicultural Understanding through Distance Learning

    Lauren Cifuentes, Karen Murphy & Trina Davis

    This case study focused on the effects of collaborative activities between two teachers and their students. The authors explored the effectiveness of distance learning for adolescents in promoting ... More

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  20. Computer Conferencing and Multiple Intelligences: Effects on Expository Writing

    Lauren Cifuentes & Jane Hughey

    The purpose of this study was to examine the differential effects of computer conferencing on expository writing for undergraduate students (n=109) of seven intelligence types (linguistic, logical/... More

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