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Learning and Instruction

April 2013 Volume 24, Number 1

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Table of Contents

Number of articles: 8

  1. Calibration: What is it and why it matters? An introduction to the special issue on calibrating calibration

    Patricia A. Alexander

    The burgeoning literatures on students' metacognitive judgments, self-regulation, self-efficacy beliefs, strategic processing, and conceptual change have focused new attention on the nature and... More

    pp. 1-3

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  2. What are confidence judgments made of? Students' explanations for their confidence ratings and what that means for calibration

    Daniel L. Dinsmore & Meghan M. Parkinson

    Although calibration has been widely studied, questions remain about how best to capture confidence ratings, how to calculate continuous variable calibration indices, and on what exactly students... More

    pp. 4-14

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  3. Activation of inaccurate prior knowledge affects primary-school students’ metacognitive judgments and calibration

    Mariëtte H. van Loon, Anique B.H. de Bruin, Tamara van Gog & Jeroen J.G. van Merriënboer

    The study investigated whether activation of inaccurate prior knowledge before study contributes to primary-school children’s commission errors and overconfidence in these errors when learning new ... More

    pp. 15-25

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  4. Regulating accuracy on university tests with the plurality option

    Philip A. Higham

    A single experiment is reported in which introductory psychology students were administered a multiple-choice test on psychology with either 4 ( More

    pp. 26-36

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  5. Calibration in goal setting: Examining the nature of judgments of confidence

    Allyson F. Hadwin & Elizabeth A. Webster

    This study examined the nature of confidence judgments associated with personal goal setting during undergraduate studying episodes. Calibration was examined between paired judgments of confidence ... More

    pp. 37-47

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  6. Measure for measure: Calibrating ten commonly used calibration scores

    Gregory Schraw, Fred Kuch & Antonio P. Gutierrez

    This study examined the dimensionality of 10 different calibration measures using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). The 10 measures were representative of five interpretative families of measures... More

    pp. 48-57

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  7. Four cornerstones of calibration research: Why understanding students' judgments can improve their achievement

    John Dunlosky & Keith W. Thiede

    The target articles make significant advances in our understanding of students' judgments of their cognitive processes and products. In general, the advances are relative to a subset of common... More

    pp. 58-61

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  8. Calibration and confidence: Where to next?

    John Hattie

    One of the key feedback questions is “where to next?” and this article provides some directions as to where to next for research based on a review of the five articles in this special issue. The... More

    pp. 62-66

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