Virtual Manipulatives Used by K8 Teachers for Mathematics Instruction: The Influence of Mathematical, Cognitive, and Pedagogical Fidelity
Article
Patricia S. Moyer, Utah State University, United States ; Gwenanne Salkind, George Mason University, United States ; Johnna J. Bolyard, West Virginia University, United States
CITE Journal Volume 8, Number 3, ISSN 15285804 Publisher: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education, Waynesville, NC USA
Abstract
This study examined teachers' uses of virtual manipulatives across grades K8 after participating in a professional development institute in which manipulatives and technology were the major resources used throughout all of the activities. Researchers analyzed 95 lesson summaries in which classroom teachers described their uses of virtual manipulatives during school mathematics instruction. The findings indicated that the content in a majority of the lessons focused on two National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (2000a) standards: Number & Operations and Geometry. Virtual geoboards, pattern blocks, base10 blocks, and tangrams were the applets used most often by teachers. The ways teachers used the virtual manipulatives most frequently focused on investigation and skill solidification. It was common for teachers to use the virtual manipulatives alone or to use physical manipulatives first, followed by virtual manipulatives. One important finding of this study was that teachers used the virtual manipulatives during the main portion of their lessons when students were learning mathematics content. These results represent an initial exploration of teachers' current use of virtual manipulatives in K8 classrooms.
Citation
Moyer, P.S., Salkind, G. & Bolyard, J.J. (2008). Virtual Manipulatives Used by K8 Teachers for Mathematics Instruction: The Influence of Mathematical, Cognitive, and Pedagogical Fidelity. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 8(3), 202218. Waynesville, NC USA: Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education. Retrieved June 21, 2021 from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/26057/.
© 2008 Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education
Keywords
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