Search results for author:"Ryan Baker"
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University of Nottingham
The effects of multiple column online text on reading speed, reading comprehension, and satisfaction
The effects of multiple column online text on reading@speed, reading comprehension, and satisfaction (2005) pp. 1–114
This study examined the effects of the number of columns and type of justification on reading speed, reading comprehension, and satisfaction for online text. Sixty-six participants read a single narrative passage of approximately 2200 words...
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education Vol. 26, No. 2 (2016) pp. 600–614
The initial vision for intelligent tutoring systems involved powerful, multi-faceted systems that would leverage rich models of students and pedagogies to create complex learning interactions. But the intelligent tutoring systems used at scale today ...
The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning Vol. 19, No. 3 (Jul 11, 2018)
In recent years there has been considerable interest in how many learners complete MOOCs, and what factors during usage can predict completion. Others, however, have argued that many learners never intend to complete MOOCs, and take MOOCs for other...
Technology, Knowledge and Learning Vol. 19, No. 1 (July 2014) pp. 205–220
Constructionism can be a powerful framework for teaching complex content to novices. At the core of constructionism is the suggestion that by enabling learners to build creative artifacts that require complex content to function, those learners will ...
Research & Practice in Assessment Vol. 9 (2014) pp. 38–50
Many university leaders and faculty have the goal of promoting learning that connects across domains and prepares students with skills for their whole lives. However, as assessment emerges in higher education, many assessments focus on knowledge and ...
Unifying Computer-Based Assessment across Conceptual Instruction, Problem-Solving, and Digital Games
Technology, Knowledge and Learning Vol. 19, No. 1 (July 2014) pp. 165–181
As students work through online learning systems such as the Reasoning Mind blended learning system, they often are not confined to working within a single educational activity; instead, they work through various different activities such as...
Educational Psychologist Vol. 50, No. 1 (2015) pp. 43–57
In recent years, there has been increased interest in engagement during learning. This is of particular interest in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics domains, in which many students struggle and where the United States needs...
Teaching of Psychology Vol. 36, No. 1 (January 2009) pp. 59–64
The online virtual world Second Life (www.secondlife.com) has multiple potential uses in teaching. In Second Life (SL), users create avatars that represent them in the virtual world. Within SL, avatars can interact with each other and with objects...
Incorporating Effective E-Learning Principles to Improve Student Engagement in Middle-School Mathematics
International Journal of STEM Education Vol. 2, No. 1 (2015)
Background: The expanded use of online and blended learning programs in K-12 STEM education has led researchers to propose design principles for effective e-learning systems. Much of this research has focused on the impact on learning, but not how...
Journal of Interactive Learning Research Vol. 29, No. 1 (January 2018) pp. 5–24
In this paper we evaluate the effectiveness of an adaptive online learning platform, designed to support Chinese students in learning the English language. The adaptive platform is studied in three studies, where the experimental platform is...
British Journal of Educational Technology Vol. 45, No. 3 (May 23, 2014) pp. 487–501
Information and communication technology (ICT)-enhanced research methods such as educational data mining (EDM) have allowed researchers to effectively model a broad range of constructs pertaining to the student, moving from traditional assessments...
Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 22, No. 4 (2013) pp. 639–666
We present a new method for analyzing a student's learning over time for a specific skill: analysis of the graph of the student's moment-by-moment learning over time. Moment-by-moment learning is calculated using a data-mined model that...
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education Vol. 24, No. 2 (June 2014) pp. 189–210
We investigate the relationship between students' affect and their frequency of careless errors while using an Intelligent Tutoring System for middle school mathematics. A student is said to have committed a careless error when the student'...
Amy Ogan; Erin Walker; Ryan Baker; Ma Mercedes T. Rodrigo; Jose Carlo Soriano; Maynor Jimenez Castro
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education Vol. 25, No. 2 (June 2015) pp. 229–248
In recent years, there has been increasing interest in automatically assessing help seeking, the process of referring to resources outside of oneself to accomplish a task or solve a problem. Research in the United States has shown that specific help-...
Comparing the Factors That Predict Completion and Grades among For-Credit and Open/MOOC Students in Online Learning
Online Learning Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018) pp. 1–18
Online education continues to become an increasingly prominent part of higher education, but many students struggle in distance courses. For this reason, there has been considerable interest in predicting which students will succeed in online...
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education Vol. 22, No. 3 (2013) pp. 107–140
Research on the relationship between affect and cognition in Artificial Intelligence in Education (AIEd) brings an important dimension to our understanding of how learning occurs and how it can be facilitated. Emotions are crucial to learning, but...
Journal of Interactive Learning Research Vol. 19, No. 2 (April 2008) pp. 185–224
In recent years there has been increasing interest in the phenomena of "gaming the system," where a learner attempts to succeed in an educational environment by exploiting properties of the system's help and feedback rather than by attempting to...
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education Vol. 23, No. 1 (November 2013) pp. 50–70
Recent research has extended student modeling to infer not just whether a student knows a skill or set of skills, but also whether the student has achieved robust learning--learning that enables the student to transfer their knowledge and prepares...
Generalizing Automated Detection of the Robustness of Student Learning in an Intelligent Tutor for Genetics
Journal of Educational Psychology Vol. 105, No. 4 (November 2013) pp. 946–956
Recently, there has been growing emphasis on supporting robust learning within intelligent tutoring systems, assessed by measures such as transfer to related skills, preparation for future learning, and longer term retention. It has been shown that...
From Log Files to Assessment Metrics: Measuring Students' Science Inquiry Skills Using Educational Data Mining
Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 22, No. 4 (2013) pp. 521–563
We present a method for assessing science inquiry performance, specifically for the inquiry skill of designing and conducting experiments, using educational data mining on students' log data from online microworlds in the Inq-ITS system ...
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education Vol. 21, No. 1 (2011) pp. 5–25
Intelligent tutors have become increasingly accurate at detecting whether a student knows a skill, or knowledge component (KC), at a given time. However, current student models do not tell us exactly at which point a KC is learned. In this paper, we ...
Journal of the Learning Sciences Vol. 23, No. 4 (2014) pp. 537–560
Seeking the right level of help at the right time can support learning. However, in the context of online problem-solving environments, it is still not entirely clear which help-seeking strategies are desired. We use fine-grained data from 38 high...
Middle School Engagement with Mathematics Software and Later Interest and Self-Efficacy for STEM Careers
Journal of Science Education and Technology Vol. 25, No. 6 (2016) pp. 877–887
Research suggests that trajectories toward careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) emerge early and are influenced by multiple factors. This paper presents a longitudinal study, which uses data from 76 high school...
Modeling how incoming knowledge, persistence, affective states, and in-game progress influence student learning from an educational game
Valerie J. Shute; Sidney D'Mello; Ryan Baker; Kyunghwa Cho; Nigel Bosch; Jaclyn Ocumpaugh; Matthew Ventura; Victoria Almeda
Computers & Education Vol. 86, No. 1 (August 2015) pp. 224–235
This study investigated the relationships among incoming knowledge, persistence, affective states, in-game progress, and consequently learning outcomes for students using the game Physics Playground. We used structural equation modeling to examine...
International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) 2012 (June 2012)
In recent years, machine-learning software packages have made it easier for educational data mining researchers to create real-time detectors of cognitive skill as well as of metacognitive and motivational behavior that can be used to improve...
Karrie E. Godwin; Ma. V. Almeda; Howard Seltman; Shimin Kai; Mandi D. Skerbetz; Ryan S. Baker; Anna V. Fisher
Learning and Instruction Vol. 44, No. 1 (August 2016) pp. 128–143
This paper reports results from a large-scale observational study investigating attention allocation during instructional activities in elementary school students (kindergarten through fourth-grade). In Study 1, 22 classrooms participated while a...
Detecting and Understanding the Impact of Cognitive and Interpersonal Conflict in Computer Supported Collaborative Learning Environments
David Nadler Prata; Ryan S. J. d. Baker; Evandro d. B. Costa; Carolyn P. Rose; Yue Cui; Adriana M. J. B. de Carvalho
International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) 2009 (July 2009)
This paper presents a model which can automatically detect a variety of student speech acts as students collaborate within a computer supported collaborative learning environment. In addition, an analysis is presented which gives substantial insight ...
Ryan S. J. d. Baker; Sujith M. Gowda; Michael Wixon; Jessica Kalka; Angela Z. Wagner; Aatish Salvi; Vincent Aleven; Gail W. Kusbit; Jaclyn Ocumpaugh; Lisa Rossi
International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) 2012 (June 2012)
In recent years, the usefulness of affect detection for educational software has become clear. Accurate detection of student affect can support a wide range of interventions with the potential to improve student affect, increase engagement, and...
J. Elizabeth Richey; Juan Miguel L. Andres-Bray; Michael Mogessie; Richard Scruggs; Juliana M.A.L. Andres; Jon R. Star; Ryan S. Baker; Bruce M. McLaren
Computers & Education Vol. 139, No. 1 (October 2019) pp. 173–190
Prior research suggests students can sometimes learn more effectively by explaining and correcting example problems that have been solved incorrectly, compared to problem-solving practice or studying correct solutions. It remains unclear, however,...
Jeanine A. DeFalco; Jonathan P. Rowe; Luc Paquette; Vasiliki Georgoulas-Sherry; Keith Brawner; Bradford W. Mott; Ryan S. Baker; James C. Lester
International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education Vol. 28, No. 2 (2018) pp. 152–193
Tutoring systems that are sensitive to affect show considerable promise for enhancing student learning experiences. Creating successful affective responses requires considerable effort both to detect student affect and to design appropriate...