Search results for author:"D R. Garrison"
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Distance Education Vol. 14, No. 2 (1993) pp. 199–211
Explores the assumptions of the teaching-learning process in distance education. Cognitive constructivist learning theory is used to clarify current and emerging assumptions regarding teaching and learning at a distance. Observations are made...
Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks Vol. 11, No. 1 (April 2007) pp. 61–72
This paper explores four issues that have emerged from the research on social, cognitive and teaching presence in an online community of inquiry. The early research in the area of online communities of inquiry has raised several issues with regard...
American Journal of Distance Education Vol. 4, No. 3 (1990) pp. 13–24
Discusses the use of audio teleconferencing in distance education. Types of communication and interaction that are necessary in distance education are described, including learner-content, learner-instructor, and learner-learner; the institutional...
Distance Education Vol. 8, No. 1 (1987) pp. 95–101
Presents a critical analysis of research explaining dropout in distance education, and suggests the direction of future studies needed to form new theories regarding dropout. Highlights include discussions of mediated communication, audio...
Distance Education Vol. 6, No. 2 (1985) pp. 235–41
Argues that development in distance education can be structured into three generations of technological innovation: correspondence, telecommunications, and computers. The technological innovations and resulting paradigm shifts in the delivery of...
Journal of Computing in Higher Education Vol. 21, No. 1 (April 2009) pp. 19–30
It is argued in this article that the convergence of collaborative constructivist ideas and emerging instructional technologies are transforming higher education. The article begins with an overview of instructional and communications technology and ...
Critical Thinking in Distance Education: Developing Critical Communities in an Audio Teleconference Context
Higher Education: The International Journal of Higher Education and Educational Planning Vol. 29, No. 2 (1995) pp. 183–99
A discussion of socially situated learning, critical thinking, and implications for distance education looks at a study of learners' perceptions while enrolled in two different models of audio teleconference-delivered university courses. It is...
Developing a community of inquiry instrument: Testing a measure of the Community of Inquiry framework using a multi-institutional sample
J.B. Arbaugh; Martha Cleveland-Innes; Sebastian R. Diaz; D. Randy Garrison; Philip Ice; Jennifer C. Richardson; Karen P. Swan
Internet and Higher Education Vol. 11, No. 3 (2008) pp. 133–136
This article reports on the multi-institutional development and validation of an instrument that attempts to operationalize Garrison, Anderson and Archer's Community of Inquiry (CoI) framework (2000). The results of the study suggest that the...