Making Sense of Integer Arithmetic: The Effect of Using Virtual Manipulatives on Students’ Representational Fluency
ARTICLE
Johnna Bolyard, West Virginia University, United States ; Patricia MoyerPackenham, Utah State University, United States
JCMST Volume 31, Number 2, ISSN 07319258 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC USA
Abstract
This study investigated how the use of virtual manipulatives in integer instruction impacts student achievement for integer addition and subtraction. Of particular interest was the influence of using virtual manipulatives on students’ ability to create and translate among representations for integer computation. The research employed a quasiexperimental pretestposttest design. Ninetynine sixthgrade students participated over a fourweek period. Six classes were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Students increased in integer computation achievement and demonstrated facility with pictures and written representations. Students had more difficulty creating symbolic representations and making connections among this and other representational forms.
Citation
Bolyard, J. & MoyerPackenham, P. (2012). Making Sense of Integer Arithmetic: The Effect of Using Virtual Manipulatives on Students’ Representational Fluency. Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching, 31(2), 93113. Waynesville, NC USA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved June 1, 2020 from https://www.learntechlib.org/primary/p/39192/.
© 2012 Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE)
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