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Addressing First- and Second-Order Barriers to Change: Strategies for Technology Integration
ARTICLE

Educational Technology Research and Development Volume 47, Number 4, ISSN 1042-1629

Abstract

Describes first-order (external, institutional) and second-order (internal, personal) barriers that hinder teachers' technology implementation efforts and delineates effective strategies for addressing each type. Highlights include defining a vision of technology integration; identifying curricular opportunities; managing resources and class activities; and assessing student learning. (LRW)

Citation

Ertmer, P.A. (1999). Addressing First- and Second-Order Barriers to Change: Strategies for Technology Integration. Educational Technology Research and Development, 47(4), 47-61. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from .

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