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A Study Concerning Curricular and Extracurricular Considerations in Rural Schools

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Invitational Conference on Rural School Facilities,


Principals of 62 elementary and secondary rural schools in a 20-county area of the upper Cumberland region of Tennessee were surveyed about the status of rural school facilities and their accommodation of various curricular and extracurricular offerings. Small class size was reported by 58 percent. The high incidence of Internet-operable schools reflected a 2-year campaign to bring all Tennessee schools on-line. Areas of high compatibility between curricular and extracurricular offerings and school facilities included a safe and positive school climate, technology, meaningful extracurricular activities, satisfaction with curriculum offerings, and school location. Facility limitations that restricted programs and services included the following: lack of space and over-crowded classrooms; wiring and other infrastructure concerns that limited utilization of technology; inadequate science and computer laboratories; inadequate learning media centers; shortage of instructional equipment and materials; and inadequate maintenance. Data concerning construction or renovation during the last 5 years revealed that 12 principals moved into new school facilities. Major renovations, defined as projects costing $5,000 or more, were completed in 46 schools. Frequently listed improvements included outdoor athletic areas, renovated computer centers, library and media complexes, and changes in gymnasiums. Includes a list, provided by principals, of facility needs to accommodate future curricular and extracurricular offerings and four tables of survey data. (Contains 29 references.) (TD)


Phelps, M.S., Peach, L.E. & Reddick, T.L. (1998). A Study Concerning Curricular and Extracurricular Considerations in Rural Schools. Presented at Invitational Conference on Rural School Facilities 1998. Retrieved January 22, 2022 from .

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