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Why Instructional Explanations Often Do Not Work: A Framework for Understanding the Effectiveness of Instructional Explanations
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Educational Psychologist Volume 43, Number 1, ISSN 0046-1520

Abstract

Although explanations are a common means of instruction, research shows that they often do not contribute to learning. To unravel the factors giving rise to the ineffectiveness of instructional explanations, we propose a framework that brings together empirical work on instructional explanations from a variety of research fields, including classroom instruction, tutoring, cooperative learning, cognitive skill acquisition, learning from texts, computer-supported learning, and multimedia learning. In our framework, we identify the distinctive characteristics of instructional explanations, present general guidelines for designing instructional explanations, and describe factors influencing both the generation and use of instructional explanations. It is argued that future research should uncover in more detail the interrelations between the different aspects of providing and using instructional explanations and their specific effects on learning.

Citation

Wittwer, J. & Renkl, A. (2008). Why Instructional Explanations Often Do Not Work: A Framework for Understanding the Effectiveness of Instructional Explanations. Educational Psychologist, 43(1), 49-64. Retrieved December 7, 2022 from .

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