You are here:

WebTOP: A 3D interactive system for teaching and learning optics

, , , ,

Computers & Education Volume 49, Number 1, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


WebTOP is a three-dimensional, Web-based, interactive computer graphics system that helps instructors teach and students learn about waves and optics. Current subject areas include waves, geometrical optics, reflection and refraction, polarization, interference, diffraction, lasers, and scattering. Some of the topics covered are suited for introductory level physics students while others are suited for intermediate optics students. WebTOP is developed with a flexible interface to suit the various needs of instructors and students. Many of the features lend themselves to classroom use or self-guided study. WebTOP is implemented using VRML, Java, JavaScript, and VRML’s Java EAI.


Mzoughi, T., Herring, S.D., Foley, J.T., Morris, M.J. & Gilbert, P.J. (2007). WebTOP: A 3D interactive system for teaching and learning optics. Computers & Education, 49(1), 110-129. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved December 13, 2019 from .

This record was imported from Computers & Education on January 30, 2019. Computers & Education is a publication of Elsevier.

Full text is availabe on Science Direct: