You are here:

A Special Passage Through Asia E-Learning

, Indiana University, United States ; , University of Houston, United States ; , National University, United States

A Special Passage Through Asia E-Learning. Published . Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).


As Internet access increases in Asia and the rest of the world, the use of e-learning has expanded to offer formal as well as informal educational opportunities that were previously not possible to hundreds of millions of learners.As access widens, unique educational modules, courses, and programs are being designed and evaluated throughout the Asia region. This book
presents e-learning activities, primarily within higher education, taking place in eight countries from East, Southeast, South, and Western Asia. As is evident, each country has unique issues, challenges, opportunities, and initiatives related to e-learning and the use of technology in education.


Bonk, C.J., Lee, M.M. & Reynolds, T. (Eds.). (2009). A Special Passage Through Asia E-Learning. Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved March 19, 2019 from .


View References & Citations Map


  1. Aydin, C.H., & Tasci, D. (2005). Measuring readiness for e-learning: Reflections from an emerging country. Educational Technology& Society, 8(4), 244-257.
  2. Barton, S.M., Corbitt, B., Nguyen, L., & Peszynski, K. (2006, December) Cultural factors behind the growth of e-learning in Malaysia: Academic Guanxi. Presented at the 17th Australasian Conference on Information Systems, Adelaide, Australia.
  3. Bates, A.W. (2000). Managing technological change: Strategies for college and university leaders. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  4. Campbell, M., Goold, A., & Goward, P. (2004). Using online technologies: Does culture matter? In G. Richards (Ed.), Proceedings of World Conference on E-Learning inCorporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2004 (pp. 2300-2307). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.
  5. Chadha, G., & Kumail, S.M.N. (2002). E-Learning: An expression of the knowledge economy. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill.
  6. Chen, X., & Chen, C. (2004). On the intricacies of the Chinese Guanxi: A process model of guanxi development. AsiaPacific Journal of Management, 21, 305-324.
  7. Chen, X., & Wang, Y. (2004). Use synchronous chat to improve online learning experience. Proceedings of the Tenth Americas Conference on Information Systems.
  8. China Business Review (2004). An in-depth look at Guanxi Source, Washington D.C. Retrieved July 29, 2006, from /
  9. Corbitt, B., & Thanasankit, T. (2001). The challenge of trust and guanxi in Asian e-commerce. In M. Singh& T. Teo (Eds.), e-Commerce Diffusion: Strategies and Challenges (pp. 141-158).
  10. Corbitt, B.J., Holt, D., & Seagrave, S. (2006, October). Strategic design for Web-based teaching and learning. International Journal of Web Based Teaching and Learning Technologies, 1(4), 15-35.
  11. Davies, H. (1995). China business: Context and issues. Longman Asia Ltd, Hong Kong.
  12. Djojosaputro, L., Nguyen, L., & Peszynski, K. (2005). Cultural dimensions in online learning. Proceedings of the 16th Australia Conference of Information Systems, Sydney, Australia.
  13. Fetterman, D.M. (1998). Ethnography: Step by step. USA: Sage Publications.
  14. Hofstede, G. (2001). Culture's consequences: Comparing values, behaviors, institutions and organizations across nations. London: Sage Publications.
  15. Hofstede, G. (2005). Cultures and organizations: Software of the mind. London: McGraw-Hill.
  16. Hyland, A. (2003). To teach online or not? The decision facing university teachers. Higher Education Research and Development Society of Australasia (HERDSA) Conference, Christchurch, New Zealand, 6-9 July.
  17. Lanham, E., & Zhou, W. (2002). E-Learning: Literature survey. Geelong: Deakin University.
  18. Rogers, E.M. (1976). New product adoption and diffusion. Journal of Consumer Research, 2, 290-301.
  19. Rogers, E. (1995). Diffusion of innovations. New York, NY: The Free Press.
  20. Singh, H. (2004). Succeeding in an asynchronous learning environment. In G.M. Piskurich (Ed.), Getting the most from online learning. San Francisco, CA: Pfeiffer.
  21. Trompenaars, F., & Hampden-Turner, C. (2003). Riding the waves of culture: Understanding cultural diversity in business. Nicholas Brealey Publishing, London. Wikipedia (2009a). Geert Hofstede. Retrieved March 22, 2009, from Wiki/Geert_Hofstede
  22. Wilson, B., Sherry, L., Dobrovolny, J., Batty, M., & Ryder, M. (2002). Adoption of learning technologies in schools and universities. In H.H. Adelsberger, B. Collis, & J.M. Pawlowski (Eds.), Handbook on information technologies for education& Training. New York: Springer-Verlag. Retrieved March 6, 2009, from
  23. Bonk (2009), Christensen, Horn and Johnson (2008), Iiyoshi and Kumar (2008), and others point us toward an optimistic future when opening learning resources, social networks, and ubiquitous computing will fundamentally
  24. Huang, F. (2005). Qualitative enhancement and quantitative growth: Changes and trends of China's higher education. Higher Education Policy, 18, 117-130.
  25. Iiyoshi, T., & Kumar, M.S.V. (2008). Opening up education: The collective advancement of education through open technology, open content, and open knowledge. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  26. Klenowski, V., Askew S., & Carnell, E. (2006). Portfolios for learning, assessment and professional development in higher education. Assessment and Evaluation in Higher Education, 31(3), 267-286.
  27. Latchem, C. (2008, October). Open, distance and e-learning: A global overview. Presentation at Maltepe University, Turkey. Retrieved online March 26, 2009, from 08_haber/uzaktanegitimkonferans/1_oturum/Colin_Latchem.ppt
  28. Latchem, C., Jung, I.S., Aoki, K., & Ozkul, A.E. (2008). The tortoise and the hare enigma in e-transformation in Japanese and Korean higher education. British Journal of Educational Technology, 39(4), 610-630.
  29. Mahbubani, K. (2007, December 19). Make way for the rise of Asia. Newsweek. Retrieved online March 3, 2009, from Morgan, J.H. (2008). The gathering storm: Accreditation and the search for accountability in American higher education. South Bend, IN: The Victoria Press.
  30. Oosterhof, A., Conrad, R., & Ely, D.P. (2007). Assessing learners online. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Partnership for 21st Century Skills. (2007). Beyond the three Rs: Voter attitudes toward 21st century skills. Retrieved online March 14, 2009, from
  31. Perelman, L.J. (1992). School's out: Hyperlearning, the new technology, and the end of education. New York: William Morrow.
  32. Reeves, T.C. (2006). How do you know they are learning? The importance of alignment in higher education. International Journal of Learning Technology, 2(4), 294-309.
  33. Reeves, T.C. (2003). Storm clouds on the digital education horizon. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 15(1), 3-26.
  34. Smith, P. (2004). The quiet crisis: How higher education is failing America. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  35. Stensaker, B., & Harvey, L. (2006). Old wine in new bottles? A comparison of public and private accreditation schemes in higher education. Higher Education Policy, 19, 65-85.
  36. Tallent-Runnels, M.K., Thomas, J.A., Lan, W.Y., Cooper, S., Ahern, T.C., Shaw, S.M., & Liu, X. (2006). Teaching courses online: A review of the research. Review of Educational Research, 76(1), 93-135.
  37. Tiwari, S. (2005). Education in India. New Delhi, India: Atlantic Publishers.
  38. Twigg, C.A. (2003). Quality, cost and access: The case for redesign. In M.S. Pittinsky (Ed.), The wired tower: Perspectives on the impact of the internet on higher education (pp. 111-143).
  39. Wergin, J.F. (2005). Waking up to the importance of accreditation. Change, 37(3), 35-41.

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake in the references above, please contact


Preface: A Special Passage Through Asia E-Learning p. 9
Curtis J. Bonk, Mimi Miyoung Lee, and Thomas H. Reynolds
Opening Comments on E-Learning in Asia p. 17
Mimi Miyoung Lee
Digital Trends Among Japanese University Students: Podcasting and Wikis as Tools for Learning p. 23
Yayoi Anzai
From Competency List to Curriculum Implementation: A Case Study of Japan's First Online Master's Program for E-Learning Specialists Training p. 39
Katsuaki Suzuki
E-Learning in Supplemental Educational Systems in Taiwan: Present Status and Future Challenges p. 49
Ke Zhang and Jui-Long Hung
E-Learning in the Philippines: Trends, Directions, and Challenges p. 65
Melinda M. Dela Pena-Bandalaria
University 2.0: A View From Singapore p. 81
Daniel T. H. Tan, Chye Seng Lee, Lay Kock Chan, and Adrian Din How Lu
E-Learning in Malaysia: Moving Forward in Open Distance Learning p. 97
Zoraini Wati Abas
E-Learning Readiness in the Academic Sector of Thailand p. 109
Thanomporn Laohajaratsang
E-Learning in India p. 119
Sanjaya Mishra
Academic Social Networks Affecting the Adoption of E-Learning in Turkey p. 131
Siew Mee Barton, Brian Corbitt, and Lemai Nguyen
E-Learning in Asia: Just as Good Is Not Good Enough p. 147
Thomas C. Reeves