You are here:

A Scaffolding for Vocabulary Teaching and Learning

, National Taiwan University, Taiwan

EdMedia + Innovate Learning, in Vienna, Austria ISBN 978-1-880094-65-5 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


This paper discusses a scaffolding material for teaching and learning vocabulary. Herein called Protomnema, this scaffolding material functions as a “ learning structure” that allows students to collect, process and manage new words not in a rote nor in a fragmented manner, but systematically and creatively, drawing on the awareness of tools and processes necessary to tie together vocabulary learning techniques and to use such knowledge as a source of language use and development. Delineated in a box with nine grids, Protomnema blends into a structural unit nine vocabulary learning tools and processes: Translation, Intonation, Contextualization, Transference, Association, Conceptualization, Thesaurus, Objectification, and Comparison, mnemonically termed as TIC-TAC-TOC. Drawing on the literature on Vocabulary learning, the paper discusses the principles underlying the constituents of Protomnema and delineates its relevance to learners’ order of thinking based on Blooms’ (1964) taxonomy of educational goals.


Yuvienco, J. (2008). A Scaffolding for Vocabulary Teaching and Learning. In J. Luca & E. Weippl (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2008--World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 4522-4527). Vienna, Austria: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved August 8, 2020 from .



View References & Citations Map

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. Signed in users can suggest corrections to these mistakes.

Suggest Corrections to References