What makes a good study day? An intraindividual study on university students’ time investment by means of time-series analyses
Patrick Liborius, Justus-Liebig-Universität, Germany ; Henrik Bellhäuser, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Germany ; Bernhard Schmitz, Technische Universität, Germany
Learning and Instruction Volume 60, Number 1, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
University students often claim to have problems managing the time required to carry out their study demands successfully, which leads to discontent. The question is how much time do students really invest in their studies, what changes occur in time investment over a full academic term, and finally, how is study time related with students' daily study satisfaction? Daily time-series data taken from 105 university students over 154 days were analyzed by means of process analysis techniques and multilevel analysis. The learning time trajectories show a quadratic trend in independent study time and a linear decrease in lecture time. Students' daily study satisfaction was positively related to time investment, but even more strongly to planning, effort, and procrastination. Usage of breaks between lectures was found to be an independent predictor of learning satisfaction. These results have practical implications for increasing students’ learning satisfaction beyond the impact of pure time investment.
Liborius, P., Bellhäuser, H. & Schmitz, B. (2019). What makes a good study day? An intraindividual study on university students’ time investment by means of time-series analyses. Learning and Instruction, 60(1), 310-321. Elsevier Ltd.