Private tutoring when stakes are high: Insights from the transition from primary to secondary school in Germany
Karin Guill, Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education at Kiel University, Germany ; Katrin Lintorf, Faculty of Human Sciences, Germany
International Journal of Educational Development Volume 65, Number 1, ISSN 0738-0593 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Private supplementary tutoring is a widespread and controversial phenomenon. The pressure high-stakes exams put on students is often held responsible for high tutoring rates. Our study tested this hypothesis by using regional variance in Germany: Results from two of three large-scale studies give evidence that, in regions where the transition from primary to secondary school resembles high-stakes exams, the probability to attend private tutoring is higher than in other regions. Therefore, we discuss how a more flexible education system with different pathways to the same educational goal might obviate the need for private tutoring and we consider this system’s side-effects.
Guill, K. & Lintorf, K. (2019). Private tutoring when stakes are high: Insights from the transition from primary to secondary school in Germany. International Journal of Educational Development, 65(1), 172-182. Elsevier Ltd.