The common core conundrum: To what extent should we worry that changes to assessments will affect test-based measures of teacher performance?
Ben Backes, James Cowan, Dan Goldhaber, American Institutes for Research ; Cory Koedel, University of Missouri ; Luke C. Miller, University of Virginia ; Zeyu Xu, American Institutes for Research
Economics of Education Review Volume 62, Number 1, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Policies that require the use of information about student achievement to evaluate teacher performance are becoming increasingly common across the United States, but there is some question as to how or whether to use student test-based teacher evaluations when student assessments change. We bring empirical evidence to bear on this issue. Specifically, we examine how estimates of teacher value-added are influenced by assessment changes across 12 test transitions in two subjects and five states. In all of the math transitions we study, value-added measures from test change years and stable regime years are broadly similar in terms of their statistical properties and informational content. This is also true for some of the reading transitions; we do find, however, some cases in which an assessment change in reading meaningfully alters value-added measures. Our study directly informs contemporary policy debates about how to evaluate teachers when new assessments are introduced and provides a general analytic framework for examining employee evaluation policies in the face of changing evaluation metrics.
Backes, B., Cowan, J., Goldhaber, D., Koedel, C., Miller, L.C. & Xu, Z. (2018). The common core conundrum: To what extent should we worry that changes to assessments will affect test-based measures of teacher performance?. Economics of Education Review, 62(1), 48-65. Elsevier Ltd.