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Bilingual schooling and earnings: Evidence from a language-in-education reform

, Department of Economics and Finance, Italy ; , AQR-IREA, Spain

Economics of Education Review Volume 64, Number 1, ISSN 0272-7757 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd


We estimate the wage effects of bilingual education for the first time using a reform that introduced bilingualism in Catalan schools. Variation across years of schooling and birth cohorts provides identification. We find substantial effects of bilingual education, which increases baseline returns to education by about 20%. Robustness checks show that effects stem from exposure to the language-in-education reform and are neither a consequence of unobservable determinants of educational attainment nor an artifact of education-cohort specific trends in wages. The reform was mostly beneficial for individuals of non-Catalan background from low parental background, thus achieving its goal of leveling the playing field in a bilingual society.


Cappellari, L. & Di Paolo, A. (2018). Bilingual schooling and earnings: Evidence from a language-in-education reform. Economics of Education Review, 64(1), 90-101. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved June 3, 2020 from .

This record was imported from Economics of Education Review on March 1, 2019. Economics of Education Review is a publication of Elsevier.

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