Utilizing webcam-based proctoring to deter misconduct in online exams
Kenrie Hylton, Department of Computer & Information Sciences, Jamaica ; Yair Levy, Laurie P. Dringus, College of Engineering and Computing, United States
Computers & Education Volume 92, Number 1, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Deception and dishonesty in online exams are believed to link to their unmonitored nature where users appear to have the opportunity to collaborate or utilize unauthorized resources during these assessments. The primary goal of this study was to investigate the deterrent effect of Webcam-based proctoring on misconduct during online exams. This study involved an experimental design in comparing an experimental group and a control group. Both groups attended the same course, used the same e-learning system, with the same instructor, and took the same set of online exams. One group was monitored by a Web-based proctor while the other was not monitored. The results indicated no statistically significant difference between the scores of the two groups, although the non-proctored group had slightly higher scores. There was a statistically significant difference found on the time taken to complete the online exams where the proctored group used significantly less time to complete their exams. The results of a post-experiment survey indicated that those who were not proctored perceived to have experienced greater levels of opportunity to engage in misconduct than those who were monitored by a Web-based proctor.
Hylton, K., Levy, Y. & Dringus, L.P. (2016). Utilizing webcam-based proctoring to deter misconduct in online exams. Computers & Education, 92(1), 53-63. Elsevier Ltd.