A structure equation model among factors of teachers' technology integration practice and their TPCK
Hsueh-Hua Chuang, Institute of Education/Center for Teacher Education, Taiwan ; Chih-Yuan Weng, Department of Sociology, Taiwan ; Fu-Chen Huang, Institute of Education/Center for Teacher Education, Taiwan
Computers & Education Volume 86, Number 1, ISSN 0360-1315 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
This study used a structural equation model to investigate the latent structure of teachers' technology integration practice and its relation to their technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPCK). We developed a validated survey comprised of 10 items for the TPCK construct informed by competences as proposed by Angeli and Valanides (2009, 2013), 6 items for the construct of technology integration with ICT tools (TI-ICT tools), 4 items for that of technology integration with social media (TI-Social media) and another 4 items for technology integration with graphic and dynamic visualizations (TI-Graphic and dynamic visualizations), respectively. The survey was then administered using stratified random sampling in a metropolitan area of southern Taiwan, and a total of 320 valid respondents were collected from elementary and secondary school teachers in January 2014. Further analysis based on structural equation modeling showed that teachers' technology integration practice with ICT tools (TI-ICT tools) maintained not only a direct link to TPCK scores but also an indirect association mediated by that with graphic and dynamic illustrations (TI-Graphic and dynamic visualizations). In addition, the association between TI-Social media and self-assessed TPCK turned out to be spurious after the level of TI-ICT tools was accounted for. Discussion of the results is also provided.
Chuang, H.H., Weng, C.Y. & Huang, F.C. (2015). A structure equation model among factors of teachers' technology integration practice and their TPCK. Computers & Education, 86(1), 182-191. Elsevier Ltd.