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Scaffolding learning for independence: Clarifying teacher and teaching assistant roles for children with special educational needs
ARTICLE

, Institute of Education, United Kingdom ; , University of East London, United Kingdom ; , , Institute of Education, United Kingdom

Learning and Instruction Volume 36, Number 1, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd

Abstract

Support for children with special educational needs (SEN) in inclusive classrooms, in many countries, continues to be provided by teaching assistants (TAs). Whilst they frequently take responsibility for instruction, they are rarely adequately trained and prepared. As TAs have ample opportunities for individualised and group interactions, this paper recommends scaffolding as the key theory to inform their practice. From a large dataset of interactions in mathematics and literacy lessons, episodes of TA scaffolding were selected. Using conversation analysis, three scaffolding roles emerged: 1) a support role that maintained learner engagement, on-task behaviour and motivation; 2) a repair function that focused on learning and fostered independence when children were in difficulty; and c) a heuristic role that encouraged students to use their own learning strategies. The paper concludes with implications for trainers and managers and how teachers can support TAs in implementing each role.

Citation

Radford, J., Bosanquet, P., Webster, R. & Blatchford, P. (2015). Scaffolding learning for independence: Clarifying teacher and teaching assistant roles for children with special educational needs. Learning and Instruction, 36(1), 1-10. Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved May 26, 2020 from .

This record was imported from Learning and Instruction on January 29, 2019. Learning and Instruction is a publication of Elsevier.

Full text is availabe on Science Direct: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2014.10.005

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