The trajectories of student emotional engagement and school burnout with academic and psychological development: Findings from Finnish adolescents
Ming-Te Wang, University of Pittsburgh, United States ; Angela Chow, University of Alberta, Canada ; Tara Hofkens, University of Pittsburgh, United States ; Katariina Salmela-Aro, University of Helsinki, Finland
Learning and Instruction Volume 36, Number 1, ISSN 0959-4752 Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
The present study examined the longitudinal trajectories of emotional engagement and school burnout in Finnish adolescents from 9th to 11th grade and how these trajectories related to the development of adolescents' academic performance and depressive symptoms. We found that despite their high academic performance, Finnish adolescents experienced a decline in the overall quality of their emotional engagement with school as they moved from 9th to 11th grade. Specifically, Finnish adolescents found school less enjoyable and less valuable, becoming more overwhelmed and anxious about school with the passing years. In addition, emotional engagement and school burnout had distinct trajectories and longitudinal associations with academic and psychological wellbeing. These findings underscore the importance of examining both positive and negative emotional processes in order to improve understanding of student emotional engagement and its differential effect on adolescent development.
Wang, M.T., Chow, A., Hofkens, T. & Salmela-Aro, K. (2015). The trajectories of student emotional engagement and school burnout with academic and psychological development: Findings from Finnish adolescents. Learning and Instruction, 36(1), 57-65. Elsevier Ltd.