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Self-Directed Learning to Develop Autonomy in an Online ESP Community

Interactive Learning Environments Volume 24, Number 7, ISSN 1049-4820


Low foreign language achievers in vocational education often have a lack of learning strategies, a tendency to feel frustrated, and unwillingness to be involved. In order to develop vocational college students' autonomy, this study integrated on-site workshops with an online learning community by means of self-directed learning English for specific purposes (ESP). The results show that the online ESP community developed students into autonomous learners by (1) employing resource-based approach to download learning materials for preview and review, (2) utilizing curriculum-based approach to view online photos for monitoring their role-play and interactions in the learning processes and taking e-assessment for evaluating learning progress, and (3) using technology-based approach for interacting with their peers. The students developed learner autonomy to achieve significant better learning outcomes in the post-test. It was implied that self-directed learning with little teacher intervention of integrating on-site and online learning community could develop learner autonomy in ESP.


Yang, Y.F. (2016). Self-Directed Learning to Develop Autonomy in an Online ESP Community. Interactive Learning Environments, 24(7), 1629-1646. Retrieved July 8, 2020 from .

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