You are here:

Linking STEM, Oceans Education, and Career Education in Junior High Schools


CJSMTE Volume 18, Number 2, ISSN 1492-6156


Encouraging early development of career maturity has a wide variety of benefits for both students and society (Berger et al., 2007; Council of Canadian Academies, 2015; Hedlund, 1993; Hektner 1995; Welde et al., 2016). This large study of students in grades 6-9 in Nova Scotia showed that such programs are currently needed, especially regarding ocean science and marine career opportunities in all employment sectors. Participants demonstrated a need for general career education, and a specific lack of knowledge about careers in the marine and ocean industry. Students were more aware of careers in the skilled trades, but required further information to make informed choices about this employment sector. Major influences on students' career intentions and perceptions included their friends, online information sources, and their parents and family members. Many students indicated their desire to leave Nova Scotia after high school. However, this was not due to the public perception that there is a lack of good jobs available locally, but rather because of their desire to explore other provinces and countries. We conclude by discussing various reasons why improving career education in junior high schools in Nova Scotia would be time well spent.


Stiles-Clarke, L. & MacLeod, K. (2018). Linking STEM, Oceans Education, and Career Education in Junior High Schools. Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education, 18(2), 114-135. Retrieved May 28, 2020 from .

This record was imported from ERIC on January 9, 2019. [Original Record]

ERIC is sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education.

Copyright for this record is held by the content creator. For more details see ERIC's copyright policy.