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The Development of Hyper-MNP: Hyper-Media Navigational Performance Scale


Education and Information Technologies Volume 21, Number 1, ISSN 1360-2357


The present study aimed at developing a scale to evaluate navigational performance as a whole, which is one of the factors influencing learning in hyper media. In line with this purpose, depending on the related literature, an item pool of 15 factors was prepared, and these variables were decreased to 5 based on the views of 38 field experts. In the end, a 3-factor structured was obtained via a pilot application carried out with 32 Information Technologies (IT) students, via the confirmatory factor analysis conducted with 110 IT students and via the reliability analysis carried out with 33 IT students. The scale included 14 items, and the internal consistency coefficient regarding the whole scale was calculated as a?=?0.90. The results of the Pearson correlation analysis revealed that the test-retest correlation coefficients of the items ranged between 0.762 and 0.954. As a result of the analyses conducted, the Hyper-MNP scale was found to be a valid and reliable tool that can be used to measure the navigational performance in hyper media.


Firat, M. & Yurdakul, I.K. (2016). The Development of Hyper-MNP: Hyper-Media Navigational Performance Scale. Education and Information Technologies, 21(1), 149-169. Retrieved February 21, 2020 from .

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