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Error-Based Simulation for Error-Awareness in Learning Mechanics: An Evaluation

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Journal of Educational Technology & Society Volume 17, Number 3 ISSN 1176-3647 e-ISSN 1176-3647


Error-based simulation (EBS) has been developed to generate phenomena by using students' erroneous ideas and also offers promise for promoting students' awareness of errors. In this paper, we report the evaluation of EBS used in learning "normal reaction" in a junior high school. An EBS class, where students learned the concept with EBS, was compared with a usual class where students learned it as usual. We used a pre-test, post-test, delayed post-test, and an interview after the delayed post-test. In tests, three kinds of tasks were included. A learning task was used in the learning process. A complex task is a little different from a learning task and can't be solved by memorization. A transfer task is very different from the learning task and can't be solved without generalizing the learning. In the post-test and delayed post-test, the scores of the EBS class were significantly higher than those of the usual class. The differences of scores between these classes in the complex and transfer tasks were larger than those in the learning task. In the interview, students in the EBS class explained their solution in more conceptual ways. These results suggest that EBS contributed to the generalization and retention of the learned concept, "normal reaction."


Horiguchi, T., Imai, I., Toumoto, T. & Hirashima, T. Error-Based Simulation for Error-Awareness in Learning Mechanics: An Evaluation. Journal of Educational Technology & Society, 17(3), 1-13. Retrieved April 5, 2020 from .

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