You are here:

Does Spatial or Visual Information in Maps Facilitate Text Recall?: Reconsidering the Conjoint Retention Hypothesis
ARTICLE

, ,

Educational Technology Research and Development Volume 53, Number 1, ISSN 1042-1629

Abstract

The conjoint retention hypothesis (CRH) claims that students recall more text information when they study geographic maps in addition to text than when they study text alone, because the maps are encoded spatially (Kulhavy, Lee, & Caterino, 1985). This claim was recently challenged by Griffin and Robinson (2000), who found no advantage for maps over feature lists in facilitating text recall. In two experiments, we crossed maps and lists with icons and names (c. f., Griffin & Robinson), and employed materials and methodology very similar to those used in previous CRH studies by Kulhavy and colleagues (Kulhavy, Stock, Verdi, Rittschof, and Savenye, 1993; Stock, Kulhavy, Peterson, Hancock, & Verdi, 1995). In addition, we included a concurrent task to measure spatial encoding, as did Griffin and Robinson. No advantages were found for maps over lists in facilitating text recall, nor were maps processed in a more spatial manner than lists. Instead, it appears that the key stimulus feature for facilitating text recall is mimetic icons (i.e., icons that represent features) rather than the spatial characteristics of geographic maps, a finding that supports dual-coding theory (Paivio, 1986), but not the CRH.

Citation

Griffin, M.M., Robinson, D.H. & Sarama, J. (2005). Does Spatial or Visual Information in Maps Facilitate Text Recall?: Reconsidering the Conjoint Retention Hypothesis. Educational Technology Research and Development, 53(1), 23-36. Retrieved August 18, 2019 from .

This record was imported from ERIC on December 3, 2015. [Original Record]

ERIC is sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education.

Copyright for this record is held by the content creator. For more details see ERIC's copyright policy.

Keywords

Cited By

View References & Citations Map
  • The Cell is Like the City of San Antonio

    Theresa Lara De Hoyos, Ralph Gdovin, Virginia Olague & Timothy Yuen, University of Texas at San Antonio, United States

    EdMedia + Innovate Learning 2010 (Jun 29, 2010) pp. 3588–3593

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact info@learntechlib.org.