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Education 3.0: Breaking the Mold with Technology

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Interactive Learning Environments Volume 23, Number 3, ISSN 1049-4820


In order to meet the needs of today's knowledge economy, education needs to move beyond the industrial age approach of treating all learners as if they are the same and adopt a learner-centered model of education suitable for the information age. To support this model, a new and transformative technology is needed that focuses on mastery and customized learning. This article reviews the existing approaches to educational technology before proposing a new, customizable, open, and interoperable technology: a personalized integrated educational system (PIES) that provides full functionality for students, teachers, parents and other stakeholders and bridges the gaps between formal and informal learning. PIES' four primary functions: record keeping, planning, instruction, and assessment, as well as secondary functions, are defined and described. Future challenges and research opportunities are also identified.


Watson, W.R., Watson, S.L. & Reigeluth, C.M. (2015). Education 3.0: Breaking the Mold with Technology. Interactive Learning Environments, 23(3), 332-343. Retrieved February 22, 2020 from .

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