Serendipity in Interactive Mathematics: Virtual (Electronic) Manipulatives for Learning Elementary Mathematics
Lawrence Cannon, Robert Heal, Richard Wellman, Utah State University, United States
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference, ISBN 978-1-880094-37-2 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA
The authors are co-principal investigators for a National Science Foundation project to create a web-based National Library of Virtual Manipulatives for learning mathematics in the elementary grades (K-8 emphasis). Many of our virtual manipulatives are based on physical manipulatives commonly in use in the schools (i.e. geoboards, tangrams, pattern blocks, fraction bars, etc.); others are concept manipulatives especially designed to teach or reinforce basic mathematical concepts. Our emphasis is on interactivity for the user, so the learner controls the variable aspects of the manipulative and is not only free, but encouraged, to explore and discover important mathematical principles and relationships. Teachers or parents can provide direction, but control of the activity remains with the user. This paper is preliminary and descriptive only, but it describes aspects of our experience in the design of manipulatives and some of the delightfully unexpected advantages of interactive technology for discovery learning.
Cannon, L., Heal, R. & Wellman, R. (2000). Serendipity in Interactive Mathematics: Virtual (Electronic) Manipulatives for Learning Elementary Mathematics. In D. Willis, J. Price & J. Willis (Eds.), Proceedings of SITE 2000--Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 1083-1088). Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE).
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Timothy Pelton & Leslee Francis Pelton, University of Victoria, Canada
Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference 2010 (Mar 29, 2010) pp. 2029–2034
Kelly Reimer, Fairfax County Public Schools, United States; Patricia S. Moyer, George Mason University, United States
Journal of Computers in Mathematics and Science Teaching Vol. 24, No. 1 (2005) pp. 5–25
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