You are here:

The Effects of Graphical Overviews, Prior Knowledge, and Self-Concept on Hypertext Disorientation and Learning Achievement
Article

, , University of Kiel, Germany

Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia Volume 12, Number 2, ISSN 1055-8896 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC USA

Abstract

To counter user disorientation and cognitive overload, hypertext environments often incorporate navigational aids in the form of graphical overviews of the hypertext structure. The aim of the present experimental investigation of learning in hypertext environments was to examine the impact of such graphical overviews on learning achievement in conjunction with the respective influence of individual learner variables. In a sample of N = 82 students working on a hierarchically structured hypertext about the psychology of memory, how domain-specific prior knowledge and the self-concept of computer-related ability affect perceived disorientation and learning outcomes as a function of access to a navigational aid was tested. Participants provided with a graphical overview experienced somewhat less disorientation, particularly those with high prior knowledge. A high computer-related self-concept also helped to curb disorientation. Both prior knowledge and computer-related self-concept proved to be significant predictors of complex learning achievement (i.e., the acquisition of structural knowledge). Participants with high prior knowledge, a high self-concept, and access to the graphical overview achieved better retention scores (i.e., acquired more purely factual knowledge).

Citation

Müller-Kalthoff, T. & Möller, J. (2003). The Effects of Graphical Overviews, Prior Knowledge, and Self-Concept on Hypertext Disorientation and Learning Achievement. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 12(2), 117-134. Norfolk, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved December 13, 2019 from .

Keywords

References

View References & Citations Map

These references have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. Signed in users can suggest corrections to these mistakes.

Suggest Corrections to References

Cited By

View References & Citations Map

These links are based on references which have been extracted automatically and may have some errors. If you see a mistake, please contact info@learntechlib.org.