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Being Online: Social Presence as Subjectivity in Online Learning

London Review of Education Volume 8, Number 1, ISSN 1474-8460


This article discusses the relationship between social presence and subjectivity in online learning environments. Drawing from views of subjectivity synthesised by de Sousa and an exploratory study into online social presence (by Kehrwald), the presentation identifies the links between various forms of subjectivity and the operation of social presence. The conclusions highlight the benefits of explicitly associating subjectivity with social presence in online learning and some of the key implications for online learning practice. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)


Kehrwald, B. (2010). Being Online: Social Presence as Subjectivity in Online Learning. London Review of Education, 8(1), 39-50. Retrieved December 10, 2019 from .

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