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Interventions in General Education for Students with Disabilities: A Systematic Review

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International Journal of Inclusive Education Volume 14, Number 6, ISSN 1360-3116


Implementing effective interventions in general education increases the chances of success for students with disabilities. Often the effectiveness of interventions is not known. The aim of this review was to investigate what interventions are used in general education and what is known about their effectiveness so that educational institutions can exchange best practices and students with disabilities have better opportunities for successful participation in general education. A systematic literature search was conducted in four databases. Three investigators assessed the relevance of the studies identified. In only half of the studies is information on the effectiveness of interventions reported. Due to enormous variety in the types of interventions, effect measures, disability groups, and focus on different types of education, we chose to focus on reading interventions for improving the reading skills of students with reading and/or learning disabilities. Other interventions are shortly mentioned. All of the eight reading interventions found seem to have positive influences on reading skills. However, the methodological quality in some studies was low. Still, recommendations for actual interventions in general education are made. Measuring the effectiveness of interventions systematically and publishing the information helps others to implement effective interventions without having to reinvent them. (Contains 4 tables.)


Reichrath, E., de Witte, L.P. & Winkens, I. (2010). Interventions in General Education for Students with Disabilities: A Systematic Review. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 14(6), 563-580. Retrieved June 10, 2023 from .

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