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Gender Inclusiveness in Educational Technology and Learning Experiences of Girls and Boys

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Journal of Research on Technology in Education Volume 41, Number 3, ISSN 1539-1523


The use of technology (information and communication technology, ICT) in secondary education is an important aspect of the current curriculum and of teachers' pedagogy. Learning supported by computers is supposed to be motivating for students and is, therefore, assumed to have positive effects on learning experiences and results. However, the question remains whether these motivating effects are equal for all students. Although the gender gap in the use of ICT and knowledge about it has diminished, there are still indications that the use of technology in education affects girls and boys differently. The present empirical study focuses on the relationship between the inclusiveness of educational tools and the learning experiences of girls and boys. The results show that gender scripts are embedded in educational tools, which are reinforced in classroom practice and affect learner experiences. A greater inclusiveness of the tools appears to improve the participation of students, enhances positive attitudes toward learning and technology, and improves the learning effects as reported by girls and boys. Girls especially tend to benefit from the inclusiveness of educational tools.


Heemskerk, I., Dam, G.t. & Admiraal, W. (2009). Gender Inclusiveness in Educational Technology and Learning Experiences of Girls and Boys. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 41(3), 253-276. Retrieved October 20, 2019 from .

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