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The MUST Tool: Exploiting Propp’s Theory PROCEEDINGS

, , Politecnico di Milano, Italy

EdMedia: World Conference on Educational Media and Technology, in Montreal, Canada ISBN 978-1-880094-56-3 Publisher: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Waynesville, NC


MUST (MUltimedia STorytelling) is a web based multimedia tool for interactive storytelling. Designed for kids from 7 to 12 years, MUST supports a structured, systematic narrative process, defined according to the storytelling “patterns” developed by Vladimir Propp in his model of western folktales. Propp argued that all fairy tales are constructed of certain plot elements (called “functions”) and that these elements consistently occur in a uniform sequence or macro-structure. In MUST, Propp's macrostructure and functions are proposed to kids through an engaging multimedia environment, which offers interactive narrative functionalities at different levels of complexity and a repertoire of multimedia elements for character's roles and action types (Propp's “functions”). In addition, MUST supports teachers and kids “to turn tales into drama”, by offering functions to help users transform tale elements into constituents of a theatre piece (e.g., acts, scenes, dialogues, etc.).


Garzotto, F. & Rizzo, F. (2005). The MUST Tool: Exploiting Propp’s Theory. In P. Kommers & G. Richards (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2005--World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia & Telecommunications (pp. 3887-3893). Montreal, Canada: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). Retrieved November 24, 2017 from .